Keeping The Internet Safe And Private


Browsing And Searching Privately

Ever been petrified if “Big brother was watching”, while you browsed through the net? You always leave a trail of your browsing history visible to others who have access to your computer. If you have someone snooping around, then don’t wait till they come up with “I Know what you did….”. The good news is that browsing the web can be done privately. Private browsing is also called browsing in incognito mode in Google Chrome and InPrivate mode in Internet Explorer. During normal browsing, your browser stores all data about the history of your searches and the details of the websites you visited. You must have always noticed when browsing, that a site asks for permission to allow cookies for improved functioning of the site. The cookies are saved and form data are stored to auto-complete when you come back to the site later. Many times you must have observed that while you start to type the words in the address bar, the browser suggests you the sites you had already visited. This also appears the same way for any others using your computer.

Every time you visit a site, it caches the information like Username, password, etc to speed up the process. But if privacy is compromised, then it cannot be accepted. Lots of information are sold to third parties for marketing purposes. Now you know how you have been receiving calls and emails from unknown banks and other agencies without you giving out your personal information. All your data entered online is very much sought after for precision targeting. There is a lot of sensitive information browsed over the net and no one wants this to be plated for public view. This may include your financial information, official contacts that are highly secretive, any of your political views, your medical history, etc. Also sometimes you may just be browsing content you don’t care for anyone else to know about. This is often the case for people looking at adult content. We all know that adult traffic is a huge percentage of internet traffic. So if you are looking at an adult dating app or a casual encounter site like meet n fuck site than you should feel confident that you can keep that to yourself without any person or entity invading your online privacy.

Why private browsing?: The necessity for private browsing arises when you are much worried about your data security and privacy especially over a public or shared computer. There is a tremendous usage of the internet and every time you visit you do not want to leave a digital foot trail, do you?

The next person using the computer in an internet center can have access to all the websites that you visited and also can log in with your information. Not only in a public domain but you may need private browsing in your home too.

Many times you may have been annoyed when you find that the data you browsed appears as recommended advertisement in another web application. The cookies are tracked and around the web your browsing habits are monitored and recorded. No one prefers to be shadowed around like this. With private browsing, every time you log out, cookies are deleted and your browsing preferences are kept private. This way you can easily dodge the websites and avoid them keeping track of your activity. You can also choose to use a VPN, private browser like Brave or Mozilla Firefox, and a private search engine.

Private browsing has enabled multiple browsing sessions possible. The cookies are not shared between normal and private browsing sessions. So on the same computer or mobile, you can open a normal window as well as a private window without logging out. Once you log out of private browsing, the details of the same are not found in the normal window.

Your Internet service provider sets a unique IP address to each account which is normally a series of numbers. The sites you visit can keep an account of your IP address and identify your activity.

How to browse privately: Listed are the ways you can choose according to your web browser.

  • In Google Chrome: The dark page with the logo of a man with a hat and glasses is the incognito window. To use this, just click on the three vertical dots on the top of your browser window. On the drop-down list choose “New Incognito Window”. This will take you to the private browsing page.

If you are using a shared computer you can choose the Guest mode for private browsing. On the top right of the browser the icon of the person logged in appears. Just click on it and on the drop-down you can find the option-Guest. This way you can prevent cookies and personal data from being stored. Once you log off, you leave a clean slate for the next person.

On sites that run Flash, (mostly with video content), flash cookies are stored. After every site visit remember to delete all cookies, thereby enabling privacy.

Most of the sites that you visit will ask you for your location information. This, it is said can help provide relevant information to your specific region. Though it is true, the same information is also available to advertisers and other third parties. Wherever you find it is not necessary, do not give access to your location information. This is one way to keep your online trail private.

  • In Internet Explorer: Here it is called InPrivate browsing. On the top right of your browser window, there is a tab ‘More’. On this you can find a link to your In Private window. This also does not save cookies and data once you close the window facilitating private browsing.
  • Mozilla Firefox: This browser offers you a feature called Private Browsing mode. A similar amount of protection like the other two browsers above is provided here too. On the click of the Menu button on the top right you can have access to a New Private window. This page has a purple mask at the top.
  • To enable better privacy, add browser extensions that disable trackers and block the ads.

Using VPN: The Virtual Private Network or VPN as it is known is a tool that encrypts your data and provides a secure pathway for your information. This will be even difficult for a hacker to decode. A VPN allows you to create a secure connection with another server over the internet.

VPN can protect your internet activity from online predators if you are using a public Wifi. Using a VPN you can hide your true location. By connecting to a remote server you can browse anonymously using the internet connection from the other computer.

Whether you want to hide your secret activities or want a surprise not to be leaked ahead of time or want official data confidential, etc, you have your choices now.


The Dark Web has only been recently identified, but its cloak of invisibility has prevented investigators from finding out too much about it yet. It is that part of the Internet that is not indexed by mainstream search engines. It is widely known as a Criminal’s Den, and the latest research is proving that it is. In a recent study by two researchers (Thomas Rid and Danial Moore of Kings College, London), nearly 3000 live Dark Websites were studied for nearly two months in 2015. It was found that 57% of the websites involved illegal activities and illicit materials. In fact, recent studies (in 2019) by Doctor Michael McGuires, University of Surrey, has shown that the conditions inside the Dark Web have worsened. Since 2016, websites on the Dark Web that could harm other enterprises have increased by over 20%. Almost anything illegal goes on in the Dark Web. From stolen subscription credentials, counterfeit money, credit card numbers, to all types of illicit and counterfeit drugs and banned firearms have now flooded the Dark Web. User names and passwords have been bought and hackers can be hired to attack computer networks, on behalf of criminal organizations. But there is a legitimate side too. And this includes various privacy seeking websites and networks including some of the top local fuck apps. These niche casual dating platforms use there presence on the dark web for privacy and discretion naturally filtering out their user base rather than for any clandestine reasons. There is a lot more to the dark web than simply the stigma that it carries. The brief review that follows tries to answer the question — What is The Dark Web?

The Deep Web

deep web diagram

The ‘Dark Web’ is actually a subset of the ‘Deep Web’. The Deep Web includes anything that is non-indexed on the Internet. It is therefore inaccessible via a listed search engine like Google. Deep Web content is only partially that of the Dark Web. It also includes any content that its owners have blocked Web Intruders, Hackers and Callers from indexing. The Deep web content also includes content that requires ‘Sign-In’ credentials or is behind a Pay-wall. For example, membership websites, confidential corporate web pages and medical records belong to these categories that are also a part of the Deep Web. In fact, recent estimates have put the Deep Web to be about 96% to 99% of the Internet. The remainder, also known as the ‘Clear Web’, is just a tiny portion of the Internet that is actually indexed officially, and is therefore available through a standard search engine or web browser. Only a small portion of the Deep Web comprises the Dark Web.

Enterprise Risk Tools

There are at-least 12 categories of Tools or services that present serious risk to legal enterprises. This risk is in the form of Data Compromise or a Network Breach. Some of them are:

  • Phishing
  • Customer Data
  • Operational Data
  • Financial Data
  • Infective Attacks, such as Malware, DDoS (Distributed Denial or Service) and Botnets.
  • Espionage, including Services targeting and customization.
  • Credentials
  • Refunds
  • Intellectual Property or Trade Secrets
  • Access, including Keyloggers, Exploits and RATs (Remote Access Trojans)
  • Tutorials and Support Services
  • Other newer threats.

A Voyager called Tor

The Tor browser travels through the Dark Web as an anonymizing browser, and routes the web pages requested by the User, through a series of proxy servers. These proxy servers are operated by 1000s of volunteers around the planet, whose main task is to render the User’s IP untraceable and unidentifiable. The results are often unreliable and unpredictable. And the process is extremely slow. But when it works, this brilliant trick is magical. The Tor provides glimpses of the nightmarish side of human nature and the spread of criminal activity throughout the world that is unforgettable.

Sights on the Dark Web

These sights are initially undistinguishable from any other site, but differences do exist. The obvious difference is in the naming format. Sights on the Clear Web tend to end in ‘.com’, ‘.co’ or ‘.org’. Dark Web sites end in ‘.onion’. This suffix designates an anonymous hidden service, which can only be reached by the tor network. Also in use on the Dark Websites is the creation of URLs that are almost impossible to remember. This is done by using a scrambled naming structure, and creates unintelligible addresses, such as, ‘xejylvm3z92bca37.onion’.

Is It Illegal?

It must be made clear here that not everything in the Dark Web is illegal or criminal. There are environments all over the world which are hostile to free speech. The Dark Web serves a valuable purpose in helping people communicate in such environments. It prevents eavesdropping or where the Internet access is criminalized. Crypto-currency almost completely operates in the Dark Web. The privacy offered is essential for the survival of Peer-to-Peer Transaction as in BITCOIN. Also to be found on the Dark Web are links to full text editions of hard to find books, collections of political news and invaluable historical documents. And this concludes — What is The Dark Web?

Introduction To Cybersecurity: Online Safety Basics

With the advent of the World wide web (WWW), people accessing the internet for almost everything has put the world at a greater risk. The main targeted sectors are banks, government and companies around the world. Cybersecurity is a combination of users, the processes involved and the technology. We now have almost every information about the users and that in turn leaves a large vacuum in terms of how secure these things are as it can be accessed by a majority of people thereby putting ourselves under lots of risks. Cybersecurity is one such wing working hard towards these incidents.

About Cybersecurity
Cybersecurity, addressed in two words is about Cyber and security. Cyber is mainly about the technologies, which constitutes system, data, programs and network. While security is about protections and it includes, things like the system security, information security, networks and application security.

It is a combination of things designed to protect networks, devices, programs from a possible attack, theft, damages and unauthorized access. It is also called the Information Technology security. With the over-dependency on the computers, due to which there are tons of information stored over the World wide web, they are prone to threats and Cybersecurity is an important shield against such data breaches.

There are three major types of threats to be controlled:

  1. Unauthorized access
  2. Unauthorized deletion of data
  3. Unauthorized modification.

These three are associated with CIA set, and CIA stands for confidentiality, integrity and availability. These three are considered as the mainstays of security and most security guidelines of companies around the globe stands on these three main pillars.

There are numerous ways to implement cybersecurity, but the three things which stand out are Identify, Analyze and evaluate and Treat. While following these three things, few things have to be kept in mind such as Vulnerability, threat and risks involved. Data breaches are most common around the globe and it involves financial losses, trust with the customers and according to a recent survey, nearly one-third of data breach costs can be felt for years.

Features of Cybersecurity

After understanding the basic information on Cybersecurity, lets now have a look at the important features of it. These are like your first line of defense against the attacks.

  • Good analytics
  • Proper coverage of external threats
  • Robust defense against internal threats
  • Compliance
  • Manage risk across one’s entire ecosystem
  • Prevention against threat, detection and response
  • Monitoring on a regular/continuous basis.

Benefits of Cybersecurity

Let’s now look at the top benefits of Cybersecurity and how it acts as an army for the World wide web.

  1. It protects your business
  2. Our personal information is safe and secure
  3. It allows employees to work securely
  4. It protects and enhances productivity
  5. It prevents Websites from crashing
  6. Detects spyware regularly
  7. It acts as a shield against Ad-aware
  8. It offers a consolidated solution.
  9. It acts as a support system for the IT experts
  10. It helps in building rapport with customers/clients.

Organizations around the globe are continuously facing spyware, adware attacks and data breaches. Its effect can be felt for several years and also involves losing the trust of the customers and clients. Cybersecurity acts as a shield against such attacks and therefore it should have considered as the mandatory technology to have in any organization.